This class covers events including monastic reform at Cluny, the Investiture Controversy and the standoff between Hildebrand and Henry IV at Canossa. We also discuss the deepening division of Eastern and Western branches of the church that led to the Schism of 1054.
Three factors played a part in shaping the contours of the medieval church: the decline and fall of the Roman Empire; the migration of barbarian (Germanic) tribes on Rome's northern border; and the civilization-preserving role of monasticism.
In this session we examine the spread of the Christian faith and the development of the church as an institution. We also consider the works of the apostolic fathers and the apologists of the early 2nd Century.